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The work force participation rate in Madison is 72.3%, with an unemployment rate of 3.1%. For all those located in the labor force, the average commute time is 19.6 minutes. 25.8% of Madison’s populace have a masters degree, and 32.1% posses a bachelors degree. Among the people without a college degree, 23.4% have at least some college, 14.2% have a high school diploma, and just 4.5% possess an education lower than high school. 4% are not included in health insurance.

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Let's Take A Look At Chaco Canyon National Park In North West New Mexico From

Madison, Wisconsin

Lets visit New Mexico's Chaco National Historical Park from Madison. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.  Rainwater was captured in wells and dammed areas formed in the arroyo (an intermittently running creek) that shaped the canyon, Chaco Wash, as well as ponds to which runoff was diverted by a series of ditches. Timber sources, which were necessary for the construction of roofs and upper story levels, were formerly present in the canyon but vanished around the period of the Chacoan fluorescence owing to drought or deforestation. As an end result, Chacoans went 80 kilometers by walking to coniferous woods to the south and west, cutting down trees, peeling them, and drying them for an extended period of time to minimize weight before returning and lugging them back to the canyon. This was no easy undertaking, considering the fact that hauling each tree would have required a multi-day travel by a team of people, and that more than 200,000 trees had been utilized through the entire three centuries of construction and renovation of the canyon's roughly dozen major great house and great kiva sites. Chaco Canyon's Pre-Planned Landscape Although Chaco Canyon had a high thickness of architecture on a scale never seen previously into the region, it had been merely a component that is small the heart of a wide interconnected area that created the Chacoan civilisation. Outside the canyon, there were more than 200 settlements with large mansions and great kivas that used the same characteristic brick design and style as those found inside the canyon, but on a smaller scale. While these sites were most abundant in the San Juan Basin, they covered an area of the Colorado Plateau larger than England. Chacoans built an extensive system of roadways to connect these settlements to the canyon and to one another by excavating and leveling the ground that is underlying, in many cases, adding clay or masonry curbs for support. These roads frequently began at huge buildings within and beyond the canyon, extending outward in remarkably straight parts.   Some locations appear to have operated as observatories, enabling Chacoans to track the path of the sun forward of each solstice and equinox, knowledge that could have been employed in agricultural and planning that is ceremonial. The "Sun Dagger" petroglyphs (rock pictures formed by cutting or the like) near Fajada Butte, a large solitary landform at the canyon's east entrance, tend to be perhaps the most renowned of those. Near the summit, there are 2 spiral petroglyphs that were either bisected or framed by shafts of sunlight ("daggers") flowing through three slabs of granite in front of the spirals on the solstice and equinox days. Many pictographs (rock pictures formed by painting or the equivalent) found on a part of the canyon wall offer more proof of the Chacoans' cosmic knowledge. One pictogram portrays a star that might symbolize a supernova that took place 1054 CE, a meeting that could have been brilliant enough to be noticed throughout the day for an period that is lengthy of. Another pictograph of a moon that is crescent near proximity to the explosion gives credence to this argument, since the moon was in its declining crescent phase and seemed near in the sky to the supernova at its peak brightness.