Notes On Old Bethpage, New York

Hovenweep Is Actually Exceptional, But What About Chaco National Monument (New Mexico, USA)

Lets visit Chaco National Park in NM from Old Bethpage, New York. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   The rainwater was collected in wells, dammed in areas created in the Chaco Wash (an creek that is intermittently flowing, and ponds, to which the runoff was diverted through a series ditches. The canyon was once home to timber sources that were essential for roof construction and higher-story levels. However, these sources disappeared around the Chacoan fluorescence due to deforestation or drought. Chacoans traveled 80 km on foot from the north and south to reach coniferous forests to the west and cut the trees down. They then dried them and gone back to the canyon to lug them home. It was a difficult task considering that each tree required multiple-day travel and more than 200k trees were used throughout the construction of and renovations of three centuries worth of canyon houses and great kiva. Chaco Canyon's Preplanned Landscape. This area is only a part of the larger interconnected region that gave rise to the Chacoan civilisation although Chaco Canyon was home to a large amount of architecture. There were over 200 settlements outside the canyon with great mansions, great kivas, and also the same brick style as the ones found within the canyon. These internet sites are most typical in the San Juan Basin. But, the certain area they covered was larger than England's. Chacoans created a network of roads to link these settlements with one another. They excavated and levelled the ground, and quite often added clay curbs or masonry supports. Many of these roads began in large buildings located within the canyon and extended outwards in beautiful sections that are straight. Chacoans traveled north, south, and west to nearby towns with less marginal surroundings, reflecting Chacoan influence throughout this period. Extended droughts, which persisted when you look at the 13th century CE, precluded the re-creation of an integrated system comparable to Chaco and led to the dispersion of Chacoan peoples throughout the Southwest. Their descendants, contemporary people residing mostly in the U.S. states of Arizona and New Mexico, see Chaco as part of their ancestral homeland - a link confirmed by oral history traditions handed down from generation to generation. Significant vandalism occurred in the canyon in the second half of the 19th century CE, with people tearing down parts of large house wall space, gaining accessibility chambers, and destroying material. The consequence of the devastation became obvious in archeological digs and surveys starting in 1896 CE, which led to the creation of the Chaco Canyon National Monument in 1907 CE, stopping rampant looting and permitting systematic archeological investigations. The monument was extended and renamed Chaco Culture National Historical Park and in 1987 CE was listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1980 CE. Puebloan descendants preserve their connection to a place that serves as their shared past's living memory by coming back to admire their ancestors' spirits.  Look down into the vast room that is circular the ground when standing next to the great kiva – hundreds of people may have gathered here for festivities. The kiva has a bench that is low runs the length of the chamber, four masonry squares that hold the wooden or stone supports that support the ceiling, and a square firebox in the center. You can find markets in the wall, which could be utilized for choices or things that are religious. A ladder through the roof allowed access to the kiva. When you explore the site, you will notice holes in a line in the stone walls. This diagram depicts where wooden roof beams were installed to support the next floor above. Look at diverse door designs as you move around Pueblo Bonito – small doors with a sill that is high step over, larger doorways with a low sill, corner doorways (used as astronomical markers), and T shaped doors. Stop 16 has a T-shaped door, while Stop 18 has a corner door that is high-up. Small entrances are ideal for children to pass through; adults will have to hunch over. At Stop 17, you can see the timber that is original and wall space of this room re-plastered to resemble how they would have showed up a thousand years ago. Bring food and drink – Even if you are only going for a carry food and water because there are no services in the park day. Fill a cooler with lots of water for your entire family. Summer is quite hot, and even with short walks to the ruins, you don't want to become dehydrated. Visitor Center – Stop by the Visitor Center to get maps and information on Chaco sites. There are picnic tables with covers, bathrooms, and drinking water. Keep on the pathways and avoid climbing on the walls – the ruins are fragile and must be conserved because they are part of the holy past of Southwest Native people. Even if you notice shards of pottery on the ground, don't pick them up because they are protected relics. Bring binoculars – Binoculars are helpful for seeing details of the petroglyphs high up on the rocks.  

Old Bethpage, New York is located in Nassau county, and has a population of 5283, and is part of the more New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA metropolitan area. The median age is 44.3, with 12.5% regarding the community under 10 years old, 14.7% are between ten-nineteen years old, 8.6% of town residents in their 20’s, 9.3% in their 30's, 11.1% in their 40’s, 18.7% in their 50’s, 11.2% in their 60’s, 6.1% in their 70’s, and 8% age 80 or older. 50.1% of town residents are men, 49.9% women. 60.5% of citizens are recorded as married married, with 5.6% divorced and 25.2% never married. The % of citizens identified as widowed is 8.8%.

The labor force participation rate in Old Bethpage is 62.9%, with an unemployment rate of 1.4%. For the people when you look at the labor pool, the average commute time is 32.9 minutes. 30% of Old Bethpage’s population have a masters diploma, and 31.7% have a bachelors degree. For many without a college degree, 16% attended some college, 19.9% have a high school diploma, and just 2.4% have received an education not as much as high school. 1.3% are not included in health insurance.

The average household size in Old Bethpage, NY is 3.31 household members, with 90.6% owning their very own homes. The mean home cost is $576355. For those people leasing, they spend on average $1071 monthly. 56.4% of families have dual incomes, and a median household income of $117857. Average individual income is $50413. 3.9% of citizens are living at or beneath the poverty line, and 10.7% are disabled. 4.1% of residents are former members associated with the armed forces.