Exploring Hodgdon, ME

Hodgdon, ME is situated in Aroostook county, and includes a population of 1495, and is part of the greater metro region. The median age is 40.5, with 11.9% of the community under ten years of age, 15.4% are between 10-19 years of age, 10.3% of town residents in their 20’s, 11.3% in their 30's, 13.2% in their 40’s, 14.1% in their 50’s, 14.6% in their 60’s, 4.9% in their 70’s, and 4.4% age 80 or older. 51% of residents are men, 49% women. 55.7% of inhabitants are reported as married married, with 13.1% divorced and 23.1% never married. The percentage of citizens identified as widowed is 8%.

The average family unit size in Hodgdon, ME is 3.21 family members members, with 75.6% owning their particular domiciles. The mean home valuation is $109088. For those paying rent, they pay out an average of $568 monthly. 51.8% of families have dual incomes, and a median domestic income of $55469. Average individual income is $27828. 10.5% of citizens live at or below the poverty line, and 22.7% are disabled. 7.7% of residents of the town are former members for the armed forces.

The work force participation rate in Hodgdon is 58.2%, with an unemployment rate of 5.8%. For the people when you look at the labor force, the typical commute time is 15.5 minutes. 6.5% of Hodgdon’s population have a graduate degree, and 13.4% have a bachelors degree. Among those without a college degree, 29.9% attended some college, 40.3% have a high school diploma, and just 9.9% have an education not as much as senior high school. 15.7% are not covered by medical insurance.

Gallo Cliff Dwelling Is Awesome, But What About North West New Mexico's Chaco Canyon Park

Lets visit Northwest New Mexico's Chaco Culture Park from Hodgdon. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   In the arroyo (an intermittently floating river), which formed the canyon, Chaco Wash, and in tanks where runoff was diverted via a system of ditches, the rainwater was collected, in addition to the natural sandstone reservoirs. The timber sources required to build the roofs and the floors that are top formerly present in the canyon and, because to dryness and deforestation, disappeared at in regards to the time of the Chacoan fluorescence. Hence, over a walking distance of 80 kilometers, Chacoan traveled to coniferous forests south and west, chopping down trees and then peeling and drying all of them for a time that is long before returning and bringing everyone to the canyon. This was not a task that is tiny the transportation of each tree would require a team of men and women on a several-day journey and the construction and reparation of approximately ten big houses and big kiva sites when you look at the canyon for during 200,000 trees over the three centuries. The Chaco Canyon's Designed Landscape. Although Chaco Canyon had large architectural levels of the territory, the canyon was a little section in the center of a vast, linked area forming the Chacoan civilization. Although it was a piece that is small of. More than 200 villages of big houses and large kivas in the same characteristic style and design as those located in the gorge existed beyond the canyon, although on a smaller scale. Although the sites in the San Juan Basin were the most numerous, the Colorado plateau was larger in all than that of England. Chacoans have built a complicated system of roads by excavating and leveling the terrain that is underlying adding earthen or brick curves in certain instances, to make them connected to the canyon and each other. These roads were usually founded in large residences in and over the canyon, extending outwards that are amazingly straight.   Chacoans relocated north, south and west to towns in less remote areas, reflecting Chacoan influence during this time. In the 13th century, prolonged droughts prevented the creation of an integrated system similar to Chaco. This led to dispersal of Chacoan communities throughout the Southwest. The descendants of these people, who now live mainly in Arizona and New Mexico today, consider Chaco to be part of their ancestral homeland. This link is confirmed by oral histories that have been passed down through generations. In the second half 19th century CE significant vandalism took place in Chaco Canyon. People ripped down walls that are large gained access to rooms, as well as destroying materials. Archeological surveys and digs revealed the extent of destruction in the canyon in the half that is second of century CE. This led to the establishment of Chaco Canyon nationwide Monument (in 1907 CE), which ended looting that is rampant and allowed systematic archeological investigations. The monument was named Chaco Culture National Historical Park in 1980 CE. It was also listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1987 CE. Puebloan descendants keep their connections to this place as a living reminder of their common past by continuing to honor the spirits of their forefathers. Look down into the vast circular room beneath the ground when standing next to the great kiva – hundreds of people may have gathered here for festivities. The kiva has a low bench that runs the length of the chamber, four masonry squares that hold the wooden or stone supports that support the ceiling, and a square firebox in the center. You can find markets in the wall surface, which could be utilized for offerings or things that are religious. A ladder through the roof allowed access to the kiva. You will notice holes in a line in the stone walls when you explore the site. This diagram depicts where wooden roof beams were installed to support the next floor above. Look at diverse door designs as you move around Pueblo Bonito – small doors with a high sill to step over, larger doorways with a low sill, corner doorways (used as astronomical markers), and T shaped doors. Stop 16 has a T-shaped door, while Avoid 18 has a high-up corner door. Small entrances are ideal for children to pass through; adults will have to hunch over. At Stop 17, you can see the original timber roof and walls of the space re-plastered to resemble the way they would have showed up a thousand years ago. Bring food and beverage – Even if you are only going for a carry food and water because there are no services in the park day. Fill a cooler with lots of water for your entire family. Summer is quite hot, and even with short walks to the ruins, you don't want to become dehydrated. Visitor Center – Stop by the Visitor Center to get maps and information on Chaco sites. There are picnic tables with covers, bathrooms, and drinking water. Keep on the pathways and avoid climbing on the walls – the ruins are fragile and must be conserved because they are part of the holy past of Southwest Native people. Even if you notice shards of pottery on the ground, don't pick them up because they are protected relics. Bring binoculars – Binoculars are useful for seeing details of the petroglyphs high up on the stones.