Touring North Lindenhurst, New York

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Lets visit Chaco National Park (Northwest New Mexico) from North Lindenhurst, New York. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   The rainwater built-up in the Chaco Wash was stored in the Chaco arroyo, an intermittently flowing river, along with the natural sandstone reserves. There were timber resources that could have been used to make the roofs, and top floors, but they disappeared due to deforestation and dryness. Chacoan traveled 80 kilometer to reach coniferous forests west and south, cutting down trees, drying the wood, and finally returning to the canyon to bring everyone. It was a difficult task as each tree had to be transported. Chacoan also necessary to construct and repair a total of ten houses that are large kiva locations in the canyon, which would have been enough for approximately 200,000 trees. Chaco Canyon's designed landscape. Chaco Canyon was an area with high architectural standards, but the canyon was only a section that is small of is now the Chacoan civilization. It was only a tiny section of the canyon. There were more than 200 large houses and large kivas built in the same style as the ones in the canyon. However, they are smaller in scale. The San Juan Basin had the number that is largest of sites, but the Colorado plateau contained more than the entire population of England. Chacoans created a complex network of roads through excavating the ground and adding brick or earthen curves to link all of them every single other. The roads ran amazingly far outwards from large homes located in the canyon. Chacoans went to the north, south and villages that are west surrounding less marginal settings, referring to the impact of Chacoan in this period. Extensive droughts that persisted until the century that is 13th hindered the re-establishment of an integrated system akin to that of Chaco and led to the scattering for the inhabitants of Chaco throughout the southwest. Its descendants, contemporary people residing in the U.S. states of Arizona and New Mexico, see Chaco as a part of their particular ancestral homeland, a link confirmed by oral historical traditions handed down from one generation to the next. There was considerable vandalism in the second half of the 19th century CE, with people breaking down parts of large house walls, getting access to rooms and stuff that is destroying. During the archaeological digs and surveys beyond 1896 CE, the damage became obvious, resulting in the founding in 1907 CE of the Chaco Canyon National Monument, the uncontrolled looting stopping and systematic archaeological investigations being done. The monument was enlarged and renamed the National Historic Park of Chaco Culture and in 1987 CE it was registered with UNESCO World Heritage List in 1980 CE. Puebloan descendents preserve their particular connection to a place that recalls the spirits of their ancestors in a remembrance that is living of common heritage.   Roads had been also built by the ancient Chacoans. Straight pathways stretching hundreds of miles from Chaco Canyon into Colorado and Utah have been uncovered by archaeologists. Some packed dirt roads are 30 feet wide and spread out from enormous buildings like spokes in a wheel, while others line up with natural terrain features. According to a single notion, these roads are holy trails used by pilgrims on the way to Chaco Canyon and other great dwellings for rituals. Chaco has been studied by archaeologists since the late 1800s, but despite the surviving stone remains, how Chacoan men and women lived, what their community was like, and just why they ended constructing and migrated away in the 12th century remain a mystery. Archaeologists unearthed a variety of items in Chaco, including geometrically adorned ceramics for bowls, canteens, cooking pots, ladles, pitchers, mugs, and water jars (olla), black stone hand rings, shell necklaces, turquoise pendants, wooden headdresses, whistles and flutes, stone knives and axes, ceremonial staffs, sandals, scraps of fabric, feathered cloaks, metates for grinding Corn, squash, and beans were staples for the Chacoans, as was cotton for textiles, which was grown by farmers in settlements several kilometers remote. They hunted animals for meals with bows and arrows and manufactured exquisite ceramics for offerings and use that is domestic. Murals were painted on underground kivas, and rituals may have included dance and music. Chaco traded for hundreds of kilometers distant turquoise and shells, imported macaws, and drank chocolate from Central America.  

North Lindenhurst, New York is found in Suffolk county, and includes a population of 10624, and is part of the higher New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA metropolitan area. The median age is 40.7, with 11.5% regarding the residents under 10 years old, 10.6% between ten-nineteen years old, 13.1% of town residents in their 20’s, 14.3% in their thirties, 15.8% in their 40’s, 13.6% in their 50’s, 11.8% in their 60’s, 6.8% in their 70’s, and 2.6% age 80 or older. 48.6% of inhabitants are men, 51.4% female. 44.8% of inhabitants are reported as married married, with 13.9% divorced and 34.4% never married. The % of citizens recognized as widowed is 6.8%.

The average household size in North Lindenhurst, NY is 3.44 family members members, with 72.6% being the owner of their particular domiciles. The mean home valuation is $339368. For people renting, they spend an average of $1561 per month. 50.8% of homes have two sources of income, and the average domestic income of $85491. Median income is $38845. 7.3% of residents live at or below the poverty line, and 10.7% are considered disabled. 5% of inhabitants are veterans associated with US military.